2014-04-06 Stuttgart

After a business trip to Gemany I stayed over the weekend at a friend. On Sunday we visited the Tramway museum in Stuttgart
DSC01474  The   Stuttgart City Tramway  is a successor of previously existing tramways. After a long process the tramway converted from a traditional meter gauge tramway to a high grade suburban standard gauge transport system  SSB . The last meter gauge line closed in 2007 and is now in use as a dual gauge museum line. Some of the old meter stock has been preserved in the  Stuttgart Tram World museum , founded in 2009 ( official website ). DSC01272b DSC01277  When entering the vehicle hall you get a glorious sight over the collection (or part of it) DSC01279b  The tramways in Stuttgart started with the operation of modest horse drawn standard gauge trams in 1868. Traffic was all but modest as the tramway carried 1.4 million passengers in 1872! In 1886 a competing meter gauge tramway was opened and the two companies soon merged (1889) and standardised the track on meter gauge. Around this time trials were held with early internal combustion engines and steam traction. By 1890 the company held 257 horses and 95 carriages. Profits were marginal though. 1892 saw the first electric operation and from that moment on conversion to electric operation took place in a steady pace and was completed in 1897.
DSC01280  The undercarriage of one of the horse drawn carriages. DSC01281  The depot itself is a historic site, the roof being one of the largest wooden beam spans of Germany. DSC01283b DSC01302
DSC01301  END motor car no 2 served on the "independent" line Esslingen-Nellingen-Denkendorf and as such has more the character of an interurban. The class of 11 cars was built from 1926 till 1955 (!) and served until 1978. No 2 served the line from opening until closure without significant modification. DSC01300 DSC01303 DSC01289
DSC01306 DSC01311  1928 end of the German economic crisis  1933 national socialism  1939 war  1945 country in shatters   1950 gradual upturn  1955 the German economic miracle  1960 gradual formation of the European union  1968 Generation '68 and the revolutionary zeal, riots in Paris  1977 end of steam traction in w-Germany  This car saw it all. DSC01312 DSC01307
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DSC01292 DSC01293 DSC01285 DSC01284  The non-powered trailing coach
DSC01316 DSC01315  The nearby town of   Feuerbach  had its own tram until it was absorbed in the Stuttgart urban area in 1933. No original Feuerbach tramway vehicle survived, so this very similar original Stuttgarter tramway car is dressed up as a Feuerbach Tramway car for display purposes. DSC01317 DSC01318
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DSC01341  Number 222 is supposedly the oldest exihibit in the collection. Built in 1904 (110 years!!) it was rebuilt in 1914 with closed platforms. Withdrawn and converted for winter maintenance duties in 1934 it survived until it was brought back to its original condition for the centennial celebrations of the tramway in 1968. Although it is in servicable condition it is not allowed out on the museum line for regulation restrictions. DSC01342  The original trolley pole was abandoned in favour of this bow collector which came from Amsterdam . DSC01378b DSC01379b
DSC01399 DSC01380 DSC01366 DSC01343  Nice workplace, con't complain about airconditioning!
DSC01387 DSC01367  Early day version of TCMS (Train control and Management System) DSC01346 DSC01373
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DSC01393 DSC01390 DSC01340 DSC01336  Motorcar no 7 of the Esslingen city tramway was 1912 in a batch of 7. The condition it is in now reflects the rebuild state of 1927. The line Esslingen to Obertürkheim closed in 1944. The tram was acquired by the Stuttgart tramway and survived as a works car.
DSC01337 DSC01347 DSC01349  The ornate lighting DSC01351  Emergency light (a candle in a foldable brass holder)
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DSC01370  All kinds of signs DSC01357  Do not talk to the driver DSC01350  Do not spit in the car! DSC01368  Hold the left bar with the left hand when descending
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DSC01384 DSC01385  It unpowered trailer DSC01329 DSC01332
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DSC01405 DSC01409  Very much in the rear at a next to impossible position for photographers is this well painted early SSB railer coach type 74. I could find no further information about it. DSC01411  We concluded our visit with a tramride through Stuttgart on the one remaining meter gauge line DSC01414  albeit with the latest model tram. For my German friends it meant youth reminiscence.
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DSC01425 DSC01447 DSC01431  Clearly the remaining meter gauge is largely integrated into the successive standard gauge. I must say that this is a commendable effort of the responsible parties involved, the city of Stuttgart and the SSB, because the complex three rail system will cost dearly. DSC01439  Herr Schaffner was in for a proud talk
DSC01437 DSC01442 DSC01443  Part of the line went undergroud through the modern day tunnel. Inavoidable with today's heavy traffic above ground. DSC01449  Now what?
DSC01462  Stuttgart has  steep gradients which were in the early days thought prohibituve for the construction of tramways. Here's why. DSC01468 DSC01472  Back to base DSC01473  Well, we spent a very agreeable morning in this museum. Afterwards we went to a hill with a view over the city and had, in line with good German custom, a beer.