2010-08-10 Setesdalbanen

During our stay in Kristiansand I found some time to visit the Setesdalbanen museum railway
DSC03893  In November 1896 the 78-km (48,5 miles) long Setesdalsbanen was opened up to ordinary service between Kristainsand and Byglandsfjord. The railway line was built to link the Setesdal to the coastal town of Kristiansand. With this town's port and connections to other Norwegian coastal towns and Europe, it opened up a valley, which up to that time had been very isolated.   The gauge chosen, 3'6", was commonly used at the time. During its heyday it extended over 1300-km (800 miles), mostly on single isolated lines.   The products of the valley were shipped out on the railway. This consisted mainly of timber, barrel staves (for wooden herring barrels), pit props, fire wood, feldspar (to the Belgian glass industry), paper and refined aluminium. The railway also played an important role to the Byglandsford Steam Sawmill, Evje Nickelmines, Evje Armycamp, Hunsfos Papermill and Vigeland Metal Refinery; all big enterprises by local standards.   When the standard gauge Sørlandsbanen (1435 mm or 4'8½") reached Kristiansand in 1938, the Setesdalsbanen was truncated at Grovane where the two lines met. Grovane, thus becoming a station for the transfer of goods and passengers. This was a labour intensive operation that, in the long end, could not win the battle against increased road transport after World War II. Even if railcars were introduced in 1928, the ever-increasing stud of private cars stole the passengers from the line. Eventually this led to the closure of the Setesdalsbanen in 1962, the last narrow gauge line to be operated by the Norwegian State Railways.  The story however did not end here.  A society was formed, and the volunteers playing an important source of manpower staffing the railway on the days of operation and in maintaining the raliway in nearly all aspects. The line is open during the summer season (June, July and August) running trains with steam engines and old wooden bodied coaches offering a journey on a railway typical of its time with sharp curves, a bridge spanning the river, a tunnel and a snowshed. Most of the time running parallel to the river Otra. Grovane  I was able to spare some time an drive to Grovane, were the depot is. At Grovane's station (A) there was little to see, but at some distance I saw some shed and yes, the depot was actually there (B) DSC04068  Outside lies a covered turntable DSC04069b
DSC03998  I was extremely happy to find this loco outside the shed. I've never seen a 2-4-2 loco before and I knew from the internet it was exceptionally cute. Although the paint job is a little run down but it actually is a lovely engine!!  Type XXII No. 6. NSB Class XXII is a steam locomotive class designed by the Norges Statsbaner (NSB) exclusively for use on the Setesdalsbanen. Built: 1902 by Thunes Kristiania. The locomotive is operational and restored to its 1920s appearance.                NSB Clas XXII               Power type       Steam                   Driver  size       1.143 m (45 in)               Length       7.92 m (26 ft 0 in)               Weight       17.43 t (17.15 long tons)                  Top speed       55 km/h (34 mph) DSC03997  SJ Class Z4t number 227, built in 1950. Bought from the SJ in 1976. DSC03999  A view of the well cared for Walschaerts' valve gear DSC04000  Copper work
DSC04002  View in the cab DSC04003 DSC04006  The sun, slightly dimmed by light clouding, makes a great scne on the loco's drive DSC04009  The diesel burst into a roar and pushed the loco into the shed
DSC04010 DSC04015 DSC04016 DSC04017
DSC04018  The shed with the pit. I was kindly showed around and later allowed to roam freely through the shed. Very hospitable, thank you to whoever reads it. DSC04021  In we go DSC04023 DSC04025  This loco is completely propped up. On e of the cylinder worked loose and not only needs reattachment but the frame also needs strengethening.
DSC04026 DSC04027  A rare shot onn a crosshead without the drive rod. DSC04028 DSC04029
DSC04055 DSC04060 DSC04063 DSC04064
DSC04065 DSC04067 DSC04057 DSC04058
DSC04052  As mentioned, I was left to roam about freely and in another part of the shed I found the other two loco's DSC04053 DSC04030  Two other steam loco's, of the 2-6-2 type, were in another part of the shed. The loco are of the same design.               NSB class XXI                                 NSB locomotive class XXI number 1 photographed at Dübs & Co. Locomotive Works before delivery to Setesdalsbanen.        Photograph by Dübs & Co., 1894.                   Builder         Dübs & Co                       Build date         1894, 1901                    Driver size         0.914 m (36 in)                 Length         8.3 m (27 ft 3 in)                 Weight         18.7 t (18.4 long tons)                    Top speed         40 km/h (25 mph)                    Number         1, 2, 5, 7 DSC04047  No 1
DSC04048 DSC04049 DSC04051  Recognise it? It's the leading axle's frame on its side. DSC04033  Steam dome cladding
DSC04034  No 5 DSC04035 DSC04036 DSC04037
DSC04041 DSC04042 DSC04043 DSC04044
DSC04045 DSC04038  The clutter that really creates an atmosphere in a depot DSC04046  Two steam driven electricity generators and a pump